As COVID-19 cases began to increase in Australia so did the number of cyber criminals targeting healthcare organisations with phishing campaigns, ransomware and other malicious campaigns. Criminals have continued to spoof healthcare organisations, particularly national authorities and government bodies, when crafting phishing emails aimed at individuals or other industries. However, cyber criminals were not the only threat type whose interest in the healthcare sector peaked amid COVID-19. The industry is also targeted by many advanced persistent threat (APT) groups working for the benefit of foreign governments for whom healthcare research presents a priority intelligence requirement. Medical research on COVID-19 vaccines and treatments is a high cyber espionage priority for several countries who wish to fast-track their own developments. With no clear end in sight for the COVID-19 pandemic, rapid digitalisation and tough legal requirements within which the sector operates, CyberCX assesses that healthcare and aged care sectors will continue to be in the spotlight of cyber adversaries in the short to mid-term.